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About Bangla Noboborsho

Pahla Baishakh (Bengali: poila baisakh, or Bengali New Year Bengali: Bangla N˘bob˘rsho) is the first day of the Bengali calendar, which is celebrated on 14 April in Bangladesh and 14/ 15 April in West Bengal and Tripura by the Bengalis and also by minor Bengali communities in other Indian states, including Assam, Jharkhand and Odisha. The traditional greeting for Bengali New Year is "Shubh Navavarsh" which is literally "Happy New Year".

History of Poila Baisakh or Bangla Noboborsho

The Bengali calendar is tied to the Indian solar calendar, based on the Surya Siddhanta. The first day of the Bengali year coincides with the mid-April. All Bengali follow the traditional date of 15 April as Pahela Baishakh or Bangla Noboborsho.

In Bengal, Emperor Akbar started the Bengali calendar-year on 10 March, 1585, but it became effective from 16 March, 1586 the day of his ascension to the throne. The basis of the Bengali year is the Hejiri lunar year [Muslim era counted from the year of Muhammad’s (SM) going to Medina in 622 AD] and the Bengali solar year.

The first day of the New Year of the Indian solar calendar and all derived calendars including Bengali calendar is the first day of the new year, and historically the day has been seen across the subcontinent as the day for a new opening and celebrated accordingly. In Bengal landlords used to allocate sweets among their tenants, and business people commenced a “Haal Khata” (new financial records book) and locked their old ones. Vendors used to provoke their consumers to allocate sweets and renew their business relationship with them. There were fairs and festivities all over.

Bangla Noboborsho Traditions

  • The Bengali New Year is marked with singing, processions, and fairs. Traditionally, businesses start this day with a new ledger, clearing out the old.

  • In Bangladesh, people enjoy a national holiday on Pahela Baishakh. People from all over the country celebrate this day with fairs and festivals.

  • Pahela Baishakh is indeed a momentous occasion in the life of each and every Bengalee. the day is marked by visiting relatives, friends and neighbors. People prepare special dishes for their guests.

  • The festivities from the deep heartland of Bengal have now evolved to become vast events in West Bengal. To every Bengali, young and old, rich and poor, wise and ignorant, it is a time of gaiety to be celebrated with great merry-making.

  • Folk songs such as Palagan, kavigan, Jarigan, Gambhira gan, Gazirgan, baul, marfati, murshidi and bhatiali songs are staged. So are Jatra (one kind of plays) and other form of Bengali performing arts.

  • Of the major holidays celebrated in Bangladesh and West Bengal, only Pahela Baishakh comes without any preexisting expectations. Unlike Eid ul-Fitr and Durga Puja, where dressing up in lavish clothes has become a norm, or Christmas where exchanging gifts has become an essential part, Pahela baishakh is about celebrating the simpler, rural heartland roots of the Bengal.

  • People who are staying abroad and start looking for online gift services well in advance and book the delivery too so that they can surprise their friends and family in the most pleasant manner. To make the tradition more interesting, they choose most innovative online gift service to India that can help them write heart-touching messages, get gift wraps and of course, ensure timely delivery.